On 22 July, clashes broke out in Tripoli between the Stability Support Apparatus (SSA), led by Abdul Ghani al-Kikli, also known as ‘Ghinaywa’, and the Special Deterrence Force (Rada) in Tripoli. Armed groups affiliated with Rada are alleged to have patrolled into territory normally controlled by the SSA, prompting an exchange of fire. A child was reportedly killed in the crossfire, though this has not been corroborated by authorities. The GNU’s Ministry of Interior issued a statement on 23 July confirming that there had been heavy firing in Tripoli between Rada and the SSA. The statement reported that the GNU Minister of Interior, Khaled Tijani Mazen, had instructed authorities to follow up and investigate the reports in accordance with the law and reassured citizens that the security situation remains stable.